Boyer (1997) expanded the notion of "scholarship" to encompass a broader understanding of what it means to be an academic.
Boyer (1997) highlights four components of a professor's scholarly engagement:
- discovery - creating knowledge through traditional research
- integration - apply and utilize knowledge across disciplines
- application - address social problems through the application of research
- teaching - apply scholarly rigor to the practice of teaching
For an overview of each of these forms of scholarships, see the attached article by Marta Nibert.